Documents from the 1600s identify Anthonie Waterloo as a painter but very few paintings by him are known. He worked primarily as a draftsman and etcher and specialized in landscape scenes, producing several hundred landscapes ranging from highly detailed and topographically accurate views to atmospheric forest interiors. Waterloo favored a combination of black chalk and gray wash and often worked on a large scale.
Waterloo was the son of a Flemish artisan who had fled to Amsterdam to escape religious persecution; but nothing is known of Waterloo's training there. Having established his career with topographical vistas of Amsterdam, Waterloo lived an increasingly peripatetic existence. Like many of his contemporaries, he traveled along the Rhine River; on his way, Waterloo created large-scale landscape drawings as well as loosely finished sketches. He is known to have visited northern Germany and Poland and may have ventured as far south as Italy. Although Waterloo traveled widely, many of his landscapes were probably imagined in the studio and were strongly influenced by the work of landscapists like Roelandt Savery. [From The J. Paul Getty Museum]